Liste: Die 100 einflussreichsten Bücher der Nachkriegszeit

“The hundred most influential books since the war” laut The Times Literary Supplement vom 6. Oktober 1995,

Bücher aus den 1940ern

Simone de Beauvoir: The Second Sex
Marc Bloch: The Historian’s Craft
Fernand Braudel: The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II
James Burnham: The Managerial Revolution
Albert Camus: The Myth of Sisyphus
Albert Camus: The Outsider
R. G. Collingwood: The Idea of History
Erich Fromm: The Fear of Freedom
Max Horkheimer and Theodor W. Adorno: Dialectic of Enlightenment
Karl Jaspers: The Perennial Scope of Philosophy
Arthur Koestler: Darkness at Noon
André Malraux: Man’s Fate
Franz Neumann: Behemoth: The Structure and Practice of National Socialism
George Orwell: Animal Farm
George Orwell: Nineteen Eighty-four
Karl Polanyi: The Great Transformation
Karl Popper: The Open Society and Its Enemies
Paul Samuelson: Economics: An Introductory Analysis
Jean-Paul Sartre: Existentialism and Humanism
Joseph Schumpeter: Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy
Martin Wright: Power Politics

Bücher aus den 1940ern

Hannah Arendt: The Origins of Totalitarianism
Raymond Aron: The Opium of the Intellectuals
Kenneth Arrow: Social Choice and Individual Values
Roland Barthes: Mythologies
Winston Churchill: The Second World War
Norman Cohn: The Pursuit of the Millennium
Milovan Djilas: The New Class: An Analysis of the Communist System
Mircea Eliade: Images and Symbols
Erik Erikson: Young Man Luther: A Study in Psychoanalysis and History
Lucien Febvre: The Struggle for History
John Kenneth Galbraith: The Affluent Society
Erving Goffman: The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life
Arthur Koestler and Richard Crossman (eds): The God That Failed: Six Studies in Communism
Primo Levi: If This is a Man
Claude Lévi-Strauss: A World on the Wane
Czeslaw Milosz: The Captive Mind
Boris Pasternak: Doctor Zhivago
David Riesman: The Lonely Crowd
Herbert Simon: Models of Man, Social and Rational
C. P. Snow: The Cultures and the Scientific Revolution
Leo Strauss: Natural Right and History
J. L. Talmon: The Origins of Totalitarian Democracy
A. J. P. Taylor: The Struggle for Mastery in Europe
Arnold Toynbee: A Study of History
Karl Wittfogel: Oriental Despotism: A Comparative Study of Total Power
Ludwig Wittgenstein: Philosophical Investigations

Bücher aus den 1960ern

Hannah Arendt: Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil
Daniel Bell: The End of Ideology
Isaiah Berlin: Four Essays on Liberty
Albert Camus: Notebooks 1935-1951
Elias Canetti: Crowds and Power
Robert Dahl: Who Governs? Democracy and Power in an American City
Mary Douglas: Purity and Danger
Erik Erikson: Gandhi’s Truth: On the Origins of Militant Nonviolence
Michel Foucault: Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason
Milton Friedman: Capitalism and Freedom
Alexander Gerschenkron: Economic Backwardness in Historical Perspective
Antonio Gramsci: Prison Notebooks
H. L. A. Hart: The Concept of Law
Friedrich von Hayek: The Constitution of Liberty
Jane Jacobs: The Death and Life of Great American Cities
Carl Gustav Jung: Memories, Dreams, Reflections
Thomas Kuhn: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions
Emmanuel Le Roy Ladurie: The Peasants of Languedoc
Claude Lévi-Strauss: The Savage Mind
Konrad Lorenz: On Aggression
Thomas Schelling: The Strategy of Conflict
Fritz Stern: The Politics of Cultural Despair
E. P. Thompson: The Making of the English Working Class

Bücher aus den 1970ern

Daniel Bell: The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism
Isaiah Berlin: Russian Thinkers
Ronald Dworkin: Taking Rights Seriously
Clifford Geertz: The Interpretation of Cultures
Albert Hirschmann: Exit, Voice, and Loyalty
Leszek Kolakowski: Main Currents of Marxism
Hans Küng: On Being a Christian
Robert Nozick: Anarchy, State and Utopia
John Rawls: A Theory of Justice
Gershom Scholem: The Messianic Idea in Judaism
Ernst Friedrich Schumacher: Small is Beautiful
Tibor Scitovsky: The Joyless Economy
Quentin Skinner: The Foundations of Modern Political Thought
Alexander Solzhenitsyn: The Gulag Archipelago
Keith Thomas: Religion and the Decline of Magic

Bücher seit den 1980ern

Raymond Aron: Memoirs
Peter Berger: The Capitalist Revolution: Fifty Propositions about Prosperity, Equality and Liberty
Norberto Bobbio: The Future of Democracy
Karl Dietrich Bracher: The Totalitarian Experience
John Eatwell, Murray Milgate and Peter Newman (eds): The New Palgrave: The World of Economics
Ernest Gellner: Nations and Nationalism
Vaclav Havel: Living in Truth
Stephen Hawking: A Brief History of Time
Paul Kennedy: The Rise and Fall of Great Powers
Milan Kundera: The Book of Laughter and Forgetting
Primo Levi: The Drowned and the Saved
Roger Penrose: The Emperor’s New Mind: Concerning Computers, Minds, and the Laws of Physics
Richard Rorty: Philosophy and the Mirror of Nature
Amartya Sen: Resources, Values and Development
Michael Walzer: Spheres of Justice

Hier sind noch wichtige Werke, die vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg veröffentlicht wurden, die aber nach dem Krieg großen Einfluss hatten:

Karl Barth: Credo
Marc Bloch: Feudal Society
Martin Buber: I and Thou
Norbert Elias: The Civilizing Process
Sigmund Freud: Civilization and Its Discontents
Élie Halévy: The Era of Tyrannies
Martin Heidegger: Being and Time
Johan Huizinga: The Waning of the Middle Ages
Aldous Huxley: Brave New World
Franz Kafka: The Castle
John Maynard Keynes: The Economic Consequences of the Peace
John Maynard Keynes: The General Theory of Unemployment
Lewis Namier: The Structure and Politics at the Accession of George III
José Ortega y Gasset: The Revolt of the Masses
Karl Popper: The Logic of Scientific Discovery
Ludwig Wittgenstein: Tractatus Logico-philosophicus
Source: “The hundred most influential books since the war.” TLS, the Times Literary Supplement, October 6, 1995, p. 39

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